Brown Hawker

Name

Aeshna grandis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family:

Aeshnidae

Status in Britain and Ireland:

common and widespread in the lowlands; absent from northern and western Britain

Local Status:

common

Size:

Overall body length 70-77mm
Hindwing length 41-49mm

Flight period:

June to September

Brown Hawker male
Photograph ©  D. Kitching

Male Brown Hawker

A large unmistakeable hawker with its brown body and brown wings. The brown abdomen has blue spots down the side and yellow marks on the dorsal face from segments 2-8. The brown thorax has no antehumeral stripes, but 2 broad yellow side stripes clearly visible in flight. At the wing bases are 4 blue spots and a further 2 on top of segment 2. The wings are large and suffused amber in colour with yellow pterostigma. The brown eyes have blue highlights and the legs are brown.

Female brown hawker
Photograph © P. Spear

Female Brown Hawker

The body is brown but the spots on the side of the abdomen are yellow. The 2 spots on top of segment 2 are smaller than in the male and yellow. Eyes are yellow-brown and the pterostigma are brown.

Similar Species

No similar species in Shropshire though beware of the Norfolk Hawker if you venture to Norfolk/ Suffolk/ Cambridgeshire.

Behaviour

Often seen well away from water hawking along hedgerows and woodland edges and can be seen flying well into the evening. The flight is quite distinctive with a tendancy to glide a lot in between bursts of active wing beats. Males will defend and patrol a territory though aggressive clashes with other males are not common. Copulation is a lengthy process and when completed the female oviposits alone inserting eggs into floating or emergent vegetation and semi submerged rotten logs.

Habitat

Found in a wide range of well vegetated standing or slow flowing waters such as ponds, lakes, canals, ditches and slow flowing rivers.

Shropshire Distribution

Early records date back to 1932 with sightings at Whixall Moss and Middleton (east of Oswestry). A handful of records were made throughout the 40’s-60’s before a notable increase in records during the 1970’s –many made at meres such as Cole Mere and canals namely the Shropshire Union, Shrewsbury, Coalport, Llangollen and Montgomery Canals. Butler (1982) and Lockton et al., (1996) both described this species as common and this is still very much the case today with Brown Hawker regularly attracting a good number of widespread annual records. Comparison with previous distribution maps reveals much infilling of unrecorded areas over time (presumably with increased recorder effort) though the range limits of the county distribution have changed little.

Shropshire Distribution Map (SEDN)

© Crown copyright 2016 OS 100049049

Where to see in Shropshire

Dudmaston, Attingham Park, Venus Pool, Whixall Moss, Wyre Forest, Cole Mere, Montogmery Canal, Granville Country Park and numerous other places!

 

National Distribution